Failure to vaccinate children from measles could lead to chronic lung disease in adulthood

A recent case study report demonstrated the possible future increase in non-Cystic Fibrosis Bronchiectasis (NCFB) cases due to more US adults choosing not to vaccinate their children from measles. Diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis, measles and whooping cough are strongly associated with NCFB developing in affected people later in life.

NCFB is a chronic condition where the airways are damaged and have become widened with scarred and thickened walls. As mucus builds up, bacteria can grow and the airways can become infected, making it more difficult to clear them. This can ultimately lead to the loss of lung function over time, as well as serious health problems such as respiratory failure, heart failure, and atelectasis.

There is no cure for NCFB. The disease often is treated with medicines, hydration, and chest physical therapy (CPT). Your doctor may recommend surgery if the bronchiectasis is isolated to a section of lung or you have a lot of bleeding. If the bronchiectasis is widespread and causing respiratory failure, your doctor may recommend oxygen therapy.

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