Asthma is a chronic condition that affects the airways in the lungs. Among children, asthma is a common condition however it affects people of all ages ranging from infants to the elderly.
While there are many things that can cause asthma such as genetics, environmental factors, and occupational exposures, sometimes the exact cause cannot be determined. If you or someone you know has recently been diagnosed with asthma, it can be overwhelming.
Your healthcare provider can provide you with some great resources, and while the internet is a great source of information, take caution regarding some common myths associated with asthma. Read on to learn the truth to these common myths.
Myth #1: Asthmatics Should Avoid Exercise.
While many asthmatics experience exercise induced asthma, it does not mean that it should be avoided all together. This, in fact, is a myth. It is important to assess your individual risk factors and determine if your asthma is well controlled with an asthma-action plan. If your asthma is well controlled, you may enjoy activities such as a brisk walk, leisure biking, swimming, and hiking. Avoid exercising outdoors in colder weather months to avoid an asthma flare-up.
Myth #2: Asthmas Goes Away after Childhood.
While some children will experience asthma only in the early years of life, asthma does not just go away. A common misconception, but, in fact, a myth. A clear answer to this myth would be that, for some children, asthma can go into a hibernation state and never return. This is due to a person’s lungs growing and maturing and the lungs becoming less affected by triggers. Its important to know that while your asthma may not ever truly go away, your attacks can be well controlled if you are aware of your triggers.
Myth #3: No One Dies from Asthma.
This is alarmingly false. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2016 there were 417,918 deaths globally due to asthma. Asthma is one of the major noncommunicable diseases, this means that asthma is not transmissible directly from one person to another. While asthma can be controlled with medication, it can cause deaths. It is important to seek treatment and not allow your symptoms to get worse. Ensure you continue your medications and asthma action plan set by your healthcare provider.
Myth #4 All You Need is Albuterol.
Albuterol sulfate is a common bronchodilator, which works by relaxing the muscles in the lungs, and makes it easier to breathe. The truth is albuterol is not the only medication available to treat asthma. Also, everyone with asthma does not take the same medication. Asthma can be treated with two types or medications: a quick-relief and long-term controller. A quick relief will control the symptoms of an asthma flare-up. A long-term medication will work by helping you have fewer and milder flare-ups.
Myth #5: Asthma is Easy to Diagnose and Treat.
The truth is asthma can be difficult to diagnose. The reason being that asthma mimics other diseases and often there are similar symptoms, making it difficult to make the diagnosis. Asthma is underdiagnosed and undertreated which creates a substantial health burden globally and to individuals and their families. If you suffer from asthma, and you have a long family history of asthma, it may be easier to diagnose. For some, a series of test may be needed to make the diagnosis.
Asthma is estimated to have affected more than 339 million people in 2016 according to WHO. It is a common condition, and it is important to have facts and understand the misconceptions and myths associated with it. Asthma can be treated and controlled so that a person can enjoy their day-to-day life!